Bhagavad Gita Commentary – Chapter 13
The Charioteer says he is the eternal essence within all. And if everyone is of the same core, then what use is pride, deceit, or hostility? There are no autonomous individuals, just parts of a whole. When we think of ourselves as pieces of an infinite universe, we lack self-importance — we see birth, sickness, and death as unimportant. The happenings of life just happen and we remain unperturbed.
When we strive to realize this eternal core, we come to understand it as the true perceiver of our senses — the world’s inhabitants comprise its many hands and feet, its many eyes and ears.
Containing the entirety of the universe, this eternal essence is beyond divisions and dualities, it is whole. And when we understand our relationship with the whole, we are united with it.
The visible world is formed from the forces of nature, but it is the essence within that experiences, observing the ongoings of life. And when this essence believes itself to be a part of nature, it becomes trapped within it, life after life. But upon realizing its entanglement, this embodied essence merges with the eternal, never to be born again.
Through dedication, the internal essence can be perceived in the mind. Whatever is born, is the union of nature and spirit, an eternal essence existing equally within all — the forces of nature are the source of all action, and this spirit the spectator — maintaining these ideas in our thoughts, we can go beyond suffering, reaching an everlasting state.